ARTS & LEISURE
Performers prepare for July 19 show in CH 2
The Let the Good Times Roll performers are rehearsing for their July 19 show and dance party at 6:30 p.m. in Clubhouse 2. Everyone is welcome to enjoy an evening of 50s and 60s music while socializing with friends and meeting new acquaintances.
Come and dance to the sounds of the Ben Berg Rhythm Rockers enjoy performances by Doo Wop Club members and then dance to the original music from those happy-go-lucky, teen-age years.
Doors open at 6 p.m. Snacks, cups, water and coffee will be provided. There will be a 50/50 raffle at about 8 p.m.
Clarence laughs pain away
Clarence Hoffman can’t sing or dance, and he’s never done a lick of acting. Yet he fearlessly joined the Enter Laughing group and found out he can make people laugh. Enter Laughing is an improvisational comedy class hosted by Mary Galliani, a professional comedienne, that meets every first and third Thursday in Clubhouse 3, Room 9. Everyone is invited to attend, so come and discover hidden talents just as Clarence has.
He moved to Leisure World 14 years ago to be with his second wife, Mary, who was already living here. They met first on the Internet, but when Clarence first saw her captivating blue eyes, he was hooked.
After Mary passed away, Clarence went to a bereavement group where he met the dynamic Betty Ballen, who invited him to join Enter Laughing so they could laugh some of their pain away.
Clarence was born in Plevena, Mont. – current population 40 – and when he was 18 he escaped those cold winters as fast as he could. He chose the warmth of the San Fernando valley, where he was employed as a machinist.
He has two daughters and says that the most exciting thing that ever happened to him is the birth of his children. Even after all these years, he still marvels at the miracle of the birth of these two healthy girls.
An avid collector of Disney Cinderella stamps, Clarence has filled 24 albums. He explains that “Cinderella” stamps are virtually anything (not necessarily Disney figures) resembling a postage stamp, but not issued for postal purposes by a government. Almost every country around the world makes these stamps for people to collect. Due to fads and trends some of them can become very expensive.
Everyone is welcome to come to Enter Laughing and join Clarence and the others who laugh their cares away.
Learn to make glass jewelry July 9
A fusion glass class will be held 9 a.m.-noon, Wednesday, July 9, in the Lapidary Room of Clubhouse 4. Learn how to make jewelry by fusing glass.
Beginners and advanced students are welcome to come and make a special gift for a friend or loved one.
There will be a limit of six people, so each student can have more time with the teacher.
The cost of the class is $10, which includes the first two large pieces of glass or five small pieces of glass. Come into Lapidary and sign up so there are enough glass and supplies.
Plans for summer show discussed
The Leisure World Theater Club will meet at 10 a.m., Friday, June 27, in the Little Theater/Loft, located between the Health Center and the Administration buildings.
Members are urged to attend as plans for the club’s summer variety show “The Good Old Days,” which will be performed Aug. 29, will be discussed.
Anyone who likes to sing, dance, act or just enjoys being part of a theatrical experience is welcome to join the club. Membership dues are $5 a year.
For more information, call Sam Jones at 598-0880.
First-timers did fine job on stage
More first-timers turned out to sing at the Community Karaoke party last week. Tosca Lies, Lee Rickerson and the daughters of Joann Hargrave did a fine job on stage. Helen Schultz was shown lots of love when the guys paraded with dollar bills to applaud her rendition of “Only You.” Bette and Bob Fritz were warmly greeted as Bette beautifully sang “Tonight.” There were lots of other good songs like “Mean Woman Blues” from Bill Hultquist, “La Isla Bonita” from Marisa Joaquin, Esther Velayo from “Send Me The Pillow” and “Just The Way You Are” from Tino Tupas. It was a fun night to hear and see our neighbors enjoying themselves. People bring snacks and drinks to socialize and sing.
All are welcome Wednesday’s in Clubhouse 1 at 5:30. People can practice new songs on Tuesdays in Clubhouse 6 from 1-3 p.m.
Show-and-tell set for July 9 meeting
The Leisure World Coin Club will meet at 1:30 p.m., Wednesday, July 9, in Clubhouse 3, Room 2.
This month’s program will be a members’ show-and-tell. Members are invited to bring items to share with the group.
First-time guests receive an uncirculated coin as a gift. The Coin Club meets every second Wednesday, and everyone is welcome to attend.
Leisure World residents who have foreign coins remaining from their travels may donate them to the club for next year’s outreach program during National Coin Week.
After the presentation, there will be a break for refreshments. The meeting will also include a coin auction, 50/50 drawing and a coin raffle. Members in good standing may sell coins in the coin auction.
Strategies to locate ancestors discussed
Questing Heirs Genealogical Society will meet at 1 p.m., Sunday, July 20, at Resurrection Lutheran Church Parrish Hall, 1900 E. Carson St., Long Beach.
Barbara Randall will present strategies to locate ancestors. She is a member of the Association of Professional Genealogists, National Genealogical Society and the New York Genealogical & Biographical Society
For more information, call Liz Myers, 598-3027.
Theatre Out presents solid production
“The Drowsy Chaperone,” a revival of the musical; music and lyrics by Lisa Lambert and Greg Morrison; book by Bob Martin and Don McKellar; presented by Theatre Out, 402 W. 4th St., Santa Ana, through July 26, (714) 220-7069, www.theatreout.com; ticket prices: $20-$25; running time 1 hour, 40 minutes, performed without an intermission.
by Larry Blake
There are a lot of interesting small, non-professional theaters within driving distance of Leisure World. One of the most interesting is Theatre Out. While the other theaters present cash cows and commercial successes, Theatre Out presents a more avant garde, or unusual, line-up of theatrical experiences. This time around, however, they are presenting the commercially successful musical, “The Drowsy Chaperone,” in a solid production that succeeds, for the most part, in entertaining.
We meet the character, The Man in the Chair (Christopher Spencer). He is all alone in his apartment. That is, except for his record player. The Man in the Chair has a large collection of Broadway musical cast albums. His passion is listening to his collection. He shows us one of his favorites, “The Drowsy Chaperone,” (which is fictitious), and puts the disc on the player. He starts to describe the 1920s musical. Then theatrical magic takes over. The evening is a show within a show, with The Man in the Chair adding narrative whenever necessary.
The characters have gathered for a wedding. Broadway star Janet Van de Graaff (Nicola Barrett) has decided to end her career, because, as she sings, she no longer wants to “Show Off.” It is a show stopper. Her groom, Robert (Lee Kociela), is madly in love with her.
Not happy with the pending wedding is the producer, Mr. Feldzieg (Matt Carvin). All Feldzieg can see is money he will lose with Janet out of show biz. Feldzieg hires Adolpho (Miguel Caredenas), a Latin romancer, to start trouble between the bride and groom.
The evening is a stylized romp spoofing film and theater of the 1920s. It is a true ensemble type of work, as everyone gets their musical moment. There are even two hilarious gangsters from the mob (Julian Ronquillo and Luis Ochoa), who disguise themselves as chefs. The whole evening is as fluffy as a marshmallow. All ends well.
This production mostly works. The problem that isn’t solved is squeezing a large Broadway musical onto the tiny Theatre Out stage. In trying to accomplish this, director David C. Carnevale has tinkered with the script a little too much for my taste. When the entire cast is onstage to dance, the visual is a tin of sardines being opened with no room to move adequately. The whole show has a look of the stepsister’s rather large foot trying to fit into Cinderella’s glass slipper. It’s not bad, it’s just, for many minutes, not the show the creators wrote.
The cast is charming, led by chubby cheeked and jovial Christopher Spencer as The Man in the Chair. The best performances are turned in by Nicola Barrett as Janet and Lee Kociela as her groom, Robert. Both evoke the style of the 1920s musicals best among the cast.
In spite of the tinkering here, it was clear that the majority of the audience was not aware of the changes that were made to the original, as the laughs came often and mostly as was planned. For the price and the intimacy that Theatre Out provides, one can’t go wrong in attending this production of “The Drowsy Chaperone.”
New list of productions airing this month
New programs are scheduled to be shows in July on local Time Warner Cable SBTV-3 at Channel 15.102 or Channel 3 with a cable box and on Verizon Cable Channel 37.
The Video Producers Club, whose members are certified video producers, provide Leisure World programming to local cable stations. Copies of the programs are available from SBTV Station Manager Robin Fort-Lincke. Contact her at SBTV03@gmail.com or 696-1404.
The club’s Internet information is available at LWVPC.Blogspot.com
This month’s productions include:
• Maiden Voyage—The Touch of Class entertainment group takes a nostalgic trip from Chicago to Los Angeles in an hour of dancing and singing along “Route 66.” Master of ceremonies are Sally Glaueser, David Noble and Michelle Potter. Performers are Ben Berg, Chuck and Diane Burnett, Sam Calderone, Debbie DeGarzia, Carmen Edwards, Sally Glaueser, Gerarde Imhoff, Lou Joseph, David Noble, Michelle Potter and Phil Vlaic. Walt Bier was the karaoke tech. Ellen Brannigan and Carol Graves worked the front desk. Joe and Oralia Osuna are the camera operators and video producers. Michelle Potter and David Noble co-produced the show.
• Phil-Am Club
The Leisure World Phil-Am Social Club presented a musical featuring soloist Shirelene Chavez, Carmen Edwards, Jean Kaplan and Pete Tupas May 17 in Clubhouse 4. Pianists were Betty Ballen, Barbara McIlhaney and Margie St. Clair. The Phil-Am Chorale, with Bennie DeLa Cruz conducting, performed a medley with Bennie Dela Cruz dancing with Max Cadabona on ukulele. Nine-year-old ballerina Mandy Cinco Killeen performed a ballet. The Phil-Am Chorale closed the event with “Battle Hymn of the Republic.” Joseph Chavez was the program emcee. The show event was produced by Raoul Cinco. Paul Bassett was the camera operator and the video producer.
• Chuck Stone— Chuck Stone who carves tiki-style statues is interviewed on his views on art. Music is courtesy of Aloha Radio, a local band. Joseph Valentinetti is the video producer of the half-hour program
• Multicultural Council—Ellen Brannigan, Multicultural president, and Anna Derby, MCC secretary, discuss Amphitheater entertainment to be performed by Multicultural Council clubs August 16 at 8 p.m. Joe and Oralia are the video producers.
• Hospitality Room Volunteers Needed—The public service announcement solicits volunteers to assist at the Hospitality Room in Clubhouse 6. Sandra Massa-Lavitt discusses the Hospitality Room and the many other benefits available to the residents, courtesy of the Golden Age Foundation. Joe Osuna is the video producer. This is a short public service announcement.
• Terry Otter & Abilene— The Video Producers Club presented country rock group Terry Otte & Abilene for the annual Ranch Hand Roundup Banquet May 2 in Clubhouse2. The group performed favorite country and popular songs. Band members are Terry Otte, lead vocal, rhythm guitar; Rod Anderson, lead guitar, background vocals: Tina Shaffer, lead vocals; Michael McCarthy, drums and Harry Reichman, bass. Camera operators were Steve Nichols and Lynn R. Heath. Paul Bassett was a camera operator and the video producer of this one-hour, 35-minute program.
• One Stitch at a Time—Kate Pedigo, 102, displays her hand-sewn handiwork. She learned the basics of needlework as a child and took a tailoring class. She made a plaid coat and beret for a cruise around the South American continent. Video producer was Mary Apte.
•Spotlight on Kate Pedigo—A short program featuring a collage of scenes from an Art League exhibition of Kate Pedigo’s paintings, drawings, cards and books. Video Producer is Mary Apte.
• Inside Leisure World—Dr. Joyce Johnson, 82, president of Wellness Center of America is the guest of host Ethel Lover, on Inside Leisure World, a 30-minute program on blood chemistry and nutrition. The director is Robin Fort-Linke.
Photo Arts Club
Members board Aqualink for shoot
Photo Arts Club members will grab their cameras and depart for the Long Beach Rainbow Harbor via the AquaLink water taxi service. Members will meet at 1 p.m. July 10 in Clubhouse 3, Room 9, to arrange carpools and a caravan. The field trip will take the place of the regular meeting.
The group will depart at 1:20 p.m. for the Alamitos Bay terminal. The AquaLink departs at 2 p.m. for Rainbow Harbor, with a return on the 4:15 or 5:15 boat. Jackets and sweaters are recommended.
The trip is free for club members; guests will need to pay for their fare—$5 each way; $10 round trip. Bring cameras. For further information, contact Nancy Smith, 430-1898.
Dancers celebrate Independence Day
The Whirlers will celebrate Independence Day Friday, July 4, in Clubhouse 4 from 6:30-9:30 p.m. There will be music, dancing and a finger-food potluck. Pre-rounds are from 6:30-7. Square and Round dances will alternate from 7-9 p.m. The potluck and socializing starts at 9 p.m. after the dancing. Singles and couples are welcome. There will be a singles rotation so everyone can dance. Parties are $6. For more information, call 237-2682.
A new round dance class for beginners will start July 13 from 6:45-8 p.m. An ongoing beginners round dance class is held Sundays from 5:30-6:45. People who want extra help can arrive at 5. Classes, $5, are held at 5946 Westminster Blvd. at Springdale and Westminster in Westminster. Singles and couples are welcome. For information, call Mel Branham at (714) 803-0250.
A beginners Square Dance class is held Mondays from 7:30-9:30 p.m. at the Garden Grove Women’s Club, 9501 Chapman Ave., Garden Grove. Singles and couples are welcome. There is a singles rotation. A beginners line dance class is Mondays from 5:30-7:30 p.m. at the same place. For information, call Mel Branham.
Leisure Whirler Dance Club parties are held the first Friday of each month. A Beach Ball Blast party will be held Friday, Aug. 1.
No experience necessary to learn dance exercises
The beginning ballet class invites everyone to Clubhouse 6, second floor, every Saturday at 1:30 p.m. for an hour of stretch, dance and fun. No experience is necessary. Beginners are welcome.
The ballet class is similar to the yoga and tai chi. They do the same basic exercises every week so people get the benefits of stretching and learn the ballet. Wear comfortable clothing and check them out on the Leisure World Website at lwsb.ahn09.com/lwsbmaster/item_detail.asp?id=211&itemdesc=Ballet.
The class is $3 each. Instructor Mel Lockett has studied ballet and has a dance studio in Orange County.
Ballet practice sessions are held Tuesdays on the Amphitheater stage at 1 p.m. after a beginning tap practice is held at 12:30. The class will start with ballet and include an intermediate tap practice after the barre exercise. Leeta Kesler is the instructor. She has been trained in classical ballet, tap and jazz, and does choreography. There is no charge for the practice sessions. For more information, call Leeta at 493-3497.
For more information about the ballet class, call Diana Winkler at 493-0139 or Lynn R. Heath at 296-5588.
—Lynn R. Heath
Dancers start big band series
On July 7, the Leisure Time Dancers will start a new series. Big band swing will begin at 2 p.m., followed by the salsa/mambo at 2. Classes are held Mondays in Clubhouse 6.
For more information, call 434-6334.
Event cancelled tomorrow for holiday
The Dance Club’s Friday night dance classes are cancelled July 4. They will resume July 11.
The Dancing from the Heart and for the Heart class continues every Wednesday from 2-3 p.m. in the lobby of Clubhouse 3. Learn to move to the music. Dance without a partner using basic dance steps. Dance steps will be taught in a line dance format.
Singles and couples are welcome. Invite friends and family. People do not need partners. Cost is $5 a class per person. Instructor Jeremy Pierson is an experienced teacher of dance.
For more information, call Jeanine Greb, 296-5921.
Merengue, tango taught in July
Candi Davis teaches dance classes at 9 a.m. and 10 a.m., Saturdays in Clubhouse 1 for the Saturday Morning Dance Club. This month, she will teach the tango from 9-10 and the merengue from 10-11.
Dancers rotate, so partners are not required. People may attend one or both sessions, $5 each.
Photo— International Folk Dancing — Fortunee Spiegelman and Tina Huang in red, white and blue are ready to folk dance on the 4th of July. Folk dance class is held every Friday morning at 10:30 in the lobby of Clubhouse 3. Visitors are welcome.
Photo— HUI O HULA: Judy O’Connor lives in Mutual 4 and has been dancing with Hui O Hula since 2008. Dancers meet twice a week to practice and learn. Everyone is welcome to the LW hula club; performing is optional. Call 252-9676 for class information. A big mahalo to event coordinator Kaye Huff. Without Kaye, dancers would not have the opportunity to participate in the many upcoming fun events, such as the NARFE party, Retail Clerks Luau and Orange County Fair.
Photo— GRAPEVINE LINE DANCE – July is cowboy month, and new dances will include the Cowgirl Twist and Boys Round Here, the Born and Lindley version. Classes meet Thursdays from 2-5 p.m. upstairs in Clubhouse 6. Beginners meet from 2-3; advance beginners, 3-4; and intermediate, 4-5. New dances will be taught during the 3-4 p.m. session. Classes are free. For more information, call Jack or Aranee Carrigan, 596-8273.
New Mexican restaurant comes to Second Street in Long Beach
Leisure World residents are welcome to submit reviews of their favorite restaurants. Include your name and mutual and telephone numbers. Make sure the restaurant’s full name, telephone number, address and operating hours are provided. People may submit takeout menus with the information. The reviews are subject to editing and will run as space allows. E-mail them to email@example.com.For more information, call Arts & Leisure editor Ruth Osborn, 431-6586, ext. 388.
Baja Fish Taco
5224 E. Second St.,
Long Beach, CA, 90803
by Carl Johnson
We finally have a great Mexican restaurant in the Leisure World neighborhood. It is Baja Fish Taco at 5224 E. 2nd St., Long Beach, 90803. The restaurant is located at the corner of Second Street and Corona Avene in Belmont Shore.
Family members have been frequent customers for years at their two other locations in Santa Ana and Costa Mesa.
We enjoy the extensive menu and the good service. Their menu offers combos, Baja bowls, tacos, burritos, salads and appetizers, all for reasonable prices.
Online customer reviews are very favorable. People who love good Mexican food should check it out.
Editor’s Note: This poetry feature will showcase original poems by members of the Creative Writers Club of Leisure World and other GRF members. The Poetry Workshop meets at 1:30 p.m. on the second Wednesday of the month in Clubhouse 3, Room 9.
Wrinkle in Time
Go drastic with plastic,
And Botox your lips,
And while you are at it,
Slim down both your hips.
Try to look younger,
It seems all the rage,
To be very afraid,
Of encroaching old age.
So when you are seventy,
You’ll look forty-nine,
Your face has been lifted,
And you feel just fine.
Your blue hair has been sprayed,
Your dress quite in style,
You greet everyone with
A stiff cardboard smile.
But then someday
(You know it will come)
Your hair will fall out,
Your face will go numb.
Your lips will explode,
Your implants will sag,
You’ll suddenly look,
Like a Shakespearian hag.
My dear, dear lady,
be not moved to tears,
When wrinkles in time
announce the passing of years!
With every new day,
each fresh challenge embrace,
And accept what life brings with dignified grace.
New classes offered in July
The Leisure World Computer Club will offer a variety of computer classes in July. Because of class popularity, the club has doubled the classes to cover nine topics with a tenth class to be determined.
Most classes are hands-on.
The one-day classes are held from 9-11:15 a.m. in the Computer Lab on the ground level of Clubhouse 5; $5 each. Since classes usually fill up quickly and space is limited, people should sign up as soon as possible.
Attendance is open to all LW residents; club membership is not a requirement. Snacks will be available during class breaks.
Computers are available and laptops can be used where possible. Handouts will be provided.
Sign-up sheets are in the Computer Lab from 1-3 p.m., weekdays. There will be a waiting list in the event a class fills.
The following is the list of classes:
•Monday, July 14: Introduction to PCs, Tablets & Smart Phones
•Tuesday, July 15: Internet and Email
• Wednesday, July 16: Windows 7
• Thursday, July 17: Windows 8
• Friday, July 18: Word 2007
• Monday, July 21: Android Apps
• Tuesday, July 22: iPad Tablet
• Wednesday, July 23: Excel 2007
• Thursday, July 24: Digital Cameras with PCs
• Friday, July 25: To Be Determined
Customized training for groups can be arranged by talking to John Retterath, 544-2210. Additional training features can be covered in class sessions.
‘Fiddler on the Roof’ is 2013-14 season finale
The Long Beach Playhouse will close its 2013-14 season with the classic musical, “Fiddler on the Roof.” The play is set in 1905 Czarist Russia and tells the story of Tevye, a humble, philosophical dairy farmer and his quest to find suitable mates for his five daughters. Despite his efforts, the daughters are feeling the influences of a world beyond the village.
Fiddler on the Roof first opened in 1964. The music for is by Jerry Bock, lyrics by Sheldon Harnick, and book by Joseph Stein.
It was nominated for 10 Tony Awards and won nine. In 1971, it was made into a movie.
Special events for this play:
• Pay-What-You-Can Thursday, July 10; community can see this production for whatever they can afford.
• Two-for-One Preview Friday, July 11; tickets are $12
• Opening Night Champagne Reception with cast on July 12; Tickets are $27.
Admission is $24, adults; seniors, $21; and students, $14. Tickets are available at www.lbplayhouse.org or by calling 494-1014, option 1.
Long Beach Playhouse is located at 5021 E. Anaheim St., across from the Long Beach Recreation Park golf course.
Performances are at 8 p.m., Friday and Saturday and 2 p.m., Sunday. The box office is open Wednesday-Saturday from 3-8 p.m., and Sundays from 1-2 p.m. on scheduled matinees.
Ballroom, line dancing lesson given
The Dancing Feet Club will have a dance at 6 p.m., July 11 in Clubhouse 4. The evening will start with ballroom and line dance lessons, followed by ballroom and line dancing until 9:30 p.m. Admission is $5 for the dance lesson and light snacks and water
Everyone is welcome.
Jim Gilman plays
The Golden Rain Foundation sponsors a weekly dance on Saturdays from 7-10 p.m. in Clubhouse 1.The Jim Gilman Band will play July 5.
“Dirty Dancing,” rated PG-13, will be shown at 2 p.m., July 6, in Clubhouse 4.
Expecting the usual tedium of summer in the mountains with her family, 17-year-old Frances is surprised to find herself stepping into the shoes of a professional dancer—and falling in love with the resort’s free-spirited dance instructor.
The Golden Rain Foundation is proud to present Amphitheater season 2014, which will continue on Thursdays through Sept. 11. Shows begin at 8 p.m. until September, when they will start at 7:30.
This year, three shows are designated as “popular,” as shown in bold print below. When a large audience is expected for one of these popular shows, GRF members will be limited to one non-resident guest. GRF identification is required.
The minibus will make a special evening run Thursdays to accommodate shareholders attending Amphitheater shows. See page 23 of the 2014 Minibus Schedule for more information. Access bus service is available by reservation. A bus will be waiting after the show to take passengers home.
The following is the show schedule, which can also be found online at www.lwsb.com:
July 3: All-American Boys Chorus
Rob Watkins, comedy host
July 10: Count Basie Orchestra
Robert Lee, comedy host, sponsored by
CalMet Services Inc.
July 17: ABBA Tribute
Steve Brunner, comedy host; sponsored by the
Los Alamitos Medical Center and the Health
Care Center on Golden Rain Road
July 24: Kingston Trio, sponsored by John’s Landscaping
July 31: Music in the Miller Mood, featuring Tex Beneke
Orchestra and the Modernaires
Aug. 7: Debbie Reynolds, sponsored by Superwire
Aug. 14: U.S. Navy Band, sponsored by the Y’s Service Club
Aug. 21: The Rat Pack
Aug. 28: Frankie Avalon
Sept. 4: Country-western Tribute to Roy Orbison & Patsy Cline
Kelly McDonald, comedy host; sponsored by
the Golden Age Foundation
Sept. 11: Terry Otte & Abilene
Rules allow for enjoyment of all
The Golden Rain Foundation is proud to present the 2014 Amphitheater Season. To ensure an enjoyable season for everyone, people are asked to adhere to the following rules for the Amphitheater shows:
•No video or audio taping of performers. This could result in the performer walking off the stage and canceling the show.
•Do not save seats. Amphitheater seating is available on a first come, first served basis.
•Do not sing along with performers unless asked to do so by the performer on stage.
•Dancing is only allowed in the upper patio areas to the right or left of the Amphitheater seating area.
•All guests must be accompanied by a resident with a Golden Rain Foundation photo identification card.
•The number of non-resident guests will be limited to one per GRF member when a program is considered popular and will attract a large audience. Residents will be required to show their member photo identification card when entering the Amphitheater for these popular shows.
•No one is allowed to sit or stand in the aisles.
•No smoking is permitted in the Amphitheater area. (GRF Policy 1412.2)
•Lower flags on scooters so people can see the stage.
•Walkers should be left in the aisle; do not take walkers to the seating area.
•Handicap seating is at street level where the blue handrails are located at the middle of the Amphitheater.
•No pets are allowed at the Amphitheater (GRF Policy 1023).